Venous disease is a medical condition wherein blood flow in your veins is insufficient, which leads to blood pooling in your legs. This could be caused by different vein disorders, but it’s most commonly a result of either varicose veins or blood clots.
How Does Venous Disease Develop?
When you have venous disease, the internal walls of your leg veins have deteriorated and the tiny valves have been rendered useless. When you have an incompetent valve, whether in your superficial or deep vein system, your blood will flow backwards to your foot — this is known as reflux. Incompetent valves in the superficial system will cause deep veins to transport more blood to your heart; to compensate, your veins will swell and your valves won’t properly close.
When this occurs, in advanced varicose veins, for instance, your deep vein system could also be rendered useless. Your blood won’t be able to pump properly from your lower leg. Your peripheral veins will accumulate blood, resulting in unwarranted pressure in the affected veins. Common symptoms include changes in skin coloration, ulcerations, edema, cramping, tightness, and pain.
Can Venous Disease Be Treated?
Veniti.com mentions venous disease treatment will be dependent on several factors such as the cause of your condition, your medical history, general health, particular symptoms, the severity of your disease, and your age. The first line of treatment is wearing prescription compression stockings specifically developed for applying pressure on the lower leg and ankle. They aid in decreasing edema and improving blood flow.
Aside from compression stockings, venous disease treatment also usually includes strategies to improve blood circulation, such as exercising regularly, elevating your legs, and keeping legs uncrossed when sitting down. Medications such as anticoagulants, diuretics, and pentoxifylline may also be recommended.
In the event that the mentioned treatment options aren’t working for you, your doctor may also recommend more advanced treatment options such as sclerotherapy, ambulatory phlebectomy, and catheter procedures. More severe cases of venous diseases will usually require different surgical procedures such as laser surgery, repair of affected valves and veins, endoscopic surgery, and removing the affected vein, or a vein bypass.